POLISH CITIES



WARSAW

The capital and the largest city of Poland in terms of population and occupied area. According to estimates, there are over 1.7 million inhabitants living in Warsaw. The city is an important political, scientific, cultural and economic centre. In Warsaw are seats of the offices of the President, the Prime Minister, the Sejm and the Senate, the ministries, and the National Bank of Poland. The headquarters of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, also known as Frontex, responsible for the security of the European Union's external borders, as well as the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the OSCE institution are located in Warsaw too. The Palace of Culture and Science, which was built in 1955 and symbolises communism, is the city's hallmark. The most important monuments in Warsaw include the Old Town, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the Royal Castle, Łazienki Królewskie (Royal Baths Park), and the Palace in Wilanów. Places worth visiting include the Warsaw Uprising Museum, the Copernicus Science Centre and PGE Narodowy.

Official website of Warsaw: http://www.um.warszawa.pl/en


KRAKÓW

The second city in Poland in terms of the number of inhabitants and area, the former capital of the country (until 1596), and the seat of Polish kings. At present, Kraków has a population of over 760,000 residents. The city serves as a cultural, administrative, scientific and economic centre of the country. In 2017, Kraków was visited by nearly 13 million tourists. Moreover, the Jagiellonian University, which is the oldest Polish university and one of the oldest universities in the world that was established in 1364, is located in Kraków. Spots worth visiting include primarily the Wawel Royal Castle and the Old Town, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978, with the Cloth Hall and St. Mary's Church, and the district of Kazimierz, which is the former Jewish district of the city.

Official website of Kraków: http://www.krakow.pl/english/


GDAŃSK

The largest city located along the coastline of the Baltic Sea, which together with Gdynia and Sopot forms an agglomeration called Tri-City, which is inhabited by over 750,000 residents. Gdańsk is an important economic, scientific and cultural centre of the country and the hub of northern Poland. The Port of Gdańsk is the largest Polish seaport, inter alia the largest one in terms of reloading (in 2017, over 40 million tons of cargo were transhipped at the Port of Gdańsk). The city plays an important role in Polish history; the attack of the Third Reich on the Westerplatte peninsula in 1939 is considered a symbol of the beginning of World War II. In turn, worker strikes took place at the Gdańsk Shipyard in the 1970s/1980s, which contributed to the emergence of 'Solidarity' (Solidarność), a nationwide trade union and a pillar of opposition in the times of the Polish People's Republic, which contributed to the fall of communism in Poland. In Gdańsk, spots worth visiting include the Main Town and the Old Town, the Museum of the Second World War, the European Solidarity Centre and the National Maritime Museum.

Official website of Gdańsk: http://www.gdansk.pl/en/


ŁÓDŹ

Łódź is the third largest Polish city in terms of population, preceded only by Warsaw and Kraków. It is inhabited by almost 700,000 residents and ranks number four in the scope of area. Łódź is an academic, scientific, cultural and industrial centre, as well as an important communication hub due to its favourable location on the map of the country. Łódź has been connected by railway lines to two Chinese cities: to Chengdu since 2013 and to Xiamen since 2015.
Before 1989, the city had been the centre of the film and textile industry. In Łódź, there are e.g. the National Centre for Film Culture, a public institution promoting film culture, and the Film School, one of the most recognised and oldest film universities in the world. When visiting Łódź, it is worth visiting the classicist 'White Factory', which was recognised by National Geographic Traveler in 2013 as one of the 'New Seven Wonders of Poland'. In 2015, the multicultural landscape of the industrial city was honoured with the title of 'Historic Monument', which includes eclectic tenements, old factories, and magnificent palaces located in Łódź.

Official website of Łódź: https://www.uml.lodz.pl


WROCŁAW

Wrocław is the fourth largest city in Poland and the capital of Lower Silesia. It is an important economic, cultural and scientific centre of the country. In Wrocław, places worth visiting include the Market Square with the Old Town Hall, which is one of the largest Old Town markets in Europe, Ostrów Tumski, which is the oldest, historic part of the island located on the Oder River, and Hala Stulecia – a spectacular hall inscribed in 2006 on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In 2016, Wrocław was the European Capital of Culture.

Official website of Wrocław: https://www.wroclaw.pl/en


POZNAŃ

Poznań is the fifth largest Polish city in terms of population, inhabited by over 540,000 residents, located in the western part of the country. It is the centre of an agglomeration whose size spans from 800 thousand up to 1 million residents. Poznań is an important industrial, commercial, logistics, academic, scientific and cultural centre. The city regularly hosts the Poznań International Fair, which is considered the oldest and largest exhibition centre in Poland. While in Poznań, it is worth seeing the Old Town and the Renaissance Town Hall and visiting the Maltański Reservoir as well as Ostrów Tumski, an island with one of the first churches ever established in the country, on which, as it is believed, the Baptism of Poland took place.

Official website of Poznań: http://www.poznan.pl


SZCZECIN

Szczecin is located in north-western Poland, not far from the Polish-German border. It is the third city in terms of area occupied and the seventh one in terms of population. Currently, Szczecin has a population of over 400,000 residents. It is an important academic and cultural centre of the country.
Due to its strategic location, Szczecin is considered one of the main economic centres of the country. Szczecin is located in the city, which, together with the seaport in Świnoujście located nearby, forms the largest port complex in the southern Baltic region. It is worth coming to Szczecin to see Wały Chrobrego (Chrobry River Banks) being the focal point of the city and a complex of viewing terraces located on the embankment along the Oder, and visit, inter alia, the Pomeranian Dukes' Castle, which is the former seat of the rulers of the Duchy of Pomerania, and the Mieczysław Karłowicz Philharmonic Hall, which in 2015 won the prestigious European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award.

Official website of Szczecin: http://www.szczecin.pl