Recent years are marked by a renewed look towards the sea – Poland wants to harness the opportunities given by the Baltic Sea. In November 2015 a separate department is created in the Polish governmental structure – the Ministry of Maritime Economy and Inland Navigation operating in the field of maritime economy, water management, fishery and inland navigation.
The main Polish seaports – Gdańsk, Gdynia and Szczecin-Świnoujście – achieve record-breaking growth in cargo turnover. The first of the above-mentioned ports, Gdańsk, is frequented by the biggest container ships in the world associated in transnational alliances: 2M and Ocean Alliance. Świnoujście gives Central Europe large-scale access to Scandinavia, thanks to a well-developed network of ferry connections. Some of the biggest passenger ships in the world visit Gdynia.
In early 2017 Poland ratifies the AGN Agreement which will give way to modernising the network of inland waterways, mostly the Vistula and the Oder. In the future they will become part of the international transport network TEN-T.
Other significant investment projects are planned. Building the Central Port in Gdańsk should bring growth in cargo turnover and attract even more Asian and European partners. Gdańsk is to become the northern gate that brings the European Union and the markets of the Far East together.
The value of investment projects planned for Gdynia until 2021 amounts to approx. 250 million euros. The outside, deep-water port is the flagship project. Building the container terminal in Świnoujście gives West Pomerania the opportunity of attracting the largest logistics operators.
The Szczecin seaport will be able to service ships with larger draft thanks to the deepening of the fairway. The works have already started, just as the process leading to creating a canal across the Vistula Spit – a strategic investment project connecting the Vistula Lagoon with the Gdańsk Bay that will be completed by 2022.
Polish shipyards use top standards and technologies. Almost all kinds of vessels are built in Poland, including innovative, unique ferries with hybrid and electric drives, vessels meant for building marine wind power plants, modern war vessels and other highly specialised ships. They are made in private companies as well as in shipyards associated in the MARS Shipyards & Offshore group. Polish shipyard business today goes beyond huge companies. There are hundreds of smaller innovative producers of commercial vessels, such as regular and luxury catamarans and yachts. Poland is a world leader in this field. Innovative prototypes of underwater hotels are also designed in Poland..
In Poland, there are 4 seaports of primary importance for the national economy: Gdańsk, Gdynia and Szczecin-Świnoujście
This is the largest Polish seaport. For years, it has been at the forefront of the Baltic ports in terms of cargo handling. Thanks to the dynamic development of the deep-water container terminal, it strengthens the second position in container traffic on the Baltic Sea. It has also obtained the status of a hub to which the largest oceanic ships call.
The Port of Gdańsk is a universal port, offering cargo handling through modern mass and group terminals, including ro-ro ones. The history of the Port relates to the 1000-year-old city of Gdańsk, which is the destination of many passengers of ferries and cruise ships. The main advantages of the Port of Gdańsk include its location, excellent hydrographic conditions, expanded transport infrastructure and the availability of attractive investment areas. The Port of Gdańsk breaks records of trans-shipments every year. In 2017, it achieved a breakthrough result: over 40.6 million tonnes of goods transhipped. The Port of Gdańsk Authority is at the threshold of the biggest changes in its history. In the coming years, the investment costs in the modernisation of the existing one and the construction of a new infrastructure will reach about PLN 1 billion.
Port of Gdansk Authority SA
18 Zamknieta Str.,
80-955 Gdansk, Poland
More information: www.portgdansk.pl/en
The Port of Gdynia, built as one of the most modern European ports, is invariably one of the most important sea centres along the southern Baltic coast. In 2022, it will have existed for one hundred years. Gdynia is a universal port, specialising in handling general cargo, mainly LCL, transported in containers and in the ro-ro system.
The Port of Gdynia is a transport node of the TEN-T core network and the entry point of the Baltic Sea - Adriatic Sea Corridor. A natural extension of the corridor towards Scandinavia is the Gdynia – Karlskrona maritime high-speed route, connecting Gdynia with Sweden.
The Port of Gdynia once again beats trans-shipment records, achieving a spectacular growth of almost 9% per annum. Being among the most important container ports in the Baltic Sea, the Port of Gdynia has become the leader among Polish ports handling grain and feed. The basic assumption of the port development strategy is its transformation from the feeder port into a container hub and the ocean port. The Port of Gdynia is also a modern ro-ro terminal with a two-level ramp for servicing the largest cargo-passenger ro-pax units.
Port of Gdynia Authority SA
Rotterdamska 9 Str.
81-337 Gdynia, Poland
More information: www.port.gdynia.pl/en
This is a universal and at the same time one of the largest port complexes in the Baltic. It is an element of the Baltic Sea - Adriatic Sea transport corridor as part of the TEN-T network, located on the shortest road connecting Scandinavia with Central and Southern Europe and on the maritime route that connects Russia and Finland with Western Europe via the Baltic Sea.
The Szczecin-Świnoujście ports are the nearest ports for the Czech Republic, Slovakia and eastern Germany, in particular for the districts of Berlin and Brandenburg. Their advantage is the connection of the network of inland waterways with Berlin and further - with the European waterway system. They offer regular shipping connections to Denmark, Estonia, Finland, the Netherlands, Ireland, Lithuania, Latvia, Germany, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
For several years, the Szczecin-Świnoujście port complex has been one of the largest investors in the region, successfully using EU funds. The investment programme undertaken in the financial perspective for the years 2007-2013 amounted to PLN 600 million. In the years 2014-2020, Szczecin and Świnoujście Seaports Authority SA intends to carry out investments worth PLN 1.2 billion.
Szczecin and Swinoujscie Seaports Authority
Bytomska 7 Str.
70-603 Szczecin, Poland
More information: www.port.szczecin.pl/en